Monday, 20 August 2012




It was neither invented discourse nor false rumor that was recorded in history about the great company of men who came into the world of belief and faith. That is because the entirety of human history has never witnessed such accurate documentation, honesty, and investigation of facts as did that epoch of Islamic history and its men. An extraordinary human effort has been exerted to study and pursue its tidings. Successive generations of able and brilliant scholars have not left unexamined even the smallest details nor minutest explanations concerning that early epoch without putting them under microscopic investigation, scrutiny, and criticism.
The spectacular magnitude encountered on the pages of books written of those colossal men of the Companions of the Messenger (PBUH) is not something legendary, even though they may seem like legends due to their miraculous nature! These are facts characteristic of the personality and life of the Prophet's Companions. 
Surely, history has not witnessed men who set their intentions and will to achieve a totally lofty and just goal and then devoted their entire lives to it in such an extremely fearless manner, with personal sacrifice and exertion, as it has witnessed in these men around the Messenger (PBUH)
They came to life at their appointed time and their promised day. When life was craving for someone to rejuvenate its spiritual values, those Companions came with their noble Messenger (PBUH)as heralds and sincere believers. When life was craving for someone to remove the shackles of troubled humanity and to liberate its existence and destiny, they came and stood by their great Messenger as liberators. When life was craving for someone to present human civilization with new and sound inclination, they came as pioneers and luminaries.
The men behind the prophetic mission are known as SAHABA (companions). A sahaba (companion) is someone who saw Muhammad, believed in him and died a Muslim. Anyone who died after rejecting Islam and becoming an apostate is not considered a companion. Those that saw him but held off believing in him until after his passing are not considered Sahaba but Tabi’un. 
The list of these men usually run to 50 or 60 names, being the people most closely associated with Muhammad. However, there were clearly many others who had some contact with Muhammad, and their names and biographies were recorded in religious books. There are books also that consist of 2,770 biographies of male and 381 biographies of female Sahaba. According to an observation in the book entitled Mawâhib-i-ladunniyya, an untold number of persons had already converted to Islam by the time Muhammad died. There were 10,000 by the time Mecca was conquered and 70,000 during the Battle of Tabouk in 630. Some Muslims assert that they were more than 200,000 in number: it is believed that 124,000 witnessed the farewell sermon of the prophet during his last pilgrimage.
Two important groups among the companions are called the Muhajirun - those who had faith in Muhammad when he began to preach in Mecca who fled with him when he was persecuted there - and the Ansar - people of Medina who welcomed Muhammad and his companions and stood as their protectors.

Allaah said in Suratu Tawbah verse 100 : "The vanguard - the first of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid, and those who follow them in good deeds, &ndash well-pleased is God with them, as are they with Him: for them hath He prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the supreme felicity." 
And He continues in verse 117;
"God turned with favour to the Prophet, the Muhajirs, and the Ansar who followed him in a time of distress – after that the hearts of a part of them had nearly swerved but He turned to them..."

1. As Sabiqoon Al Awaloon (Badriyans):
They were the people who were Muslims at the time of Badar. They are further classified into two: 1. Muhajreen (Immigrants - from Mecca) 2. Ansar (Helpers - inhabitants of Madinah (previously known as Yathrib)) they are ideals for the other Muslims because they are "Whom Allaah is pleased with”. Allaah said: "The vanguard - the first of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid, and those who follow them in good deeds, &ndash well-pleased is God with them, as are they with Him: for them hath He prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the supreme felicity." 

Also He said: "Those who believed, and went into exile and fought for God's cause with their property and their persons, as well as those who sheltered and helped them,- these shall be friends, one of another." ( quran 8 vs 72)

2. Major Sahabah (Kubbar):
The people who were Muslims before victory of Makkah and went into exile and fought for God's cause in most of the wars. They are also high in degree especially those who were present at Hudabiyah. They are also "Whom Allaah is pleased with" as Allaah said in suratul Fathi verse 18 - 29

3. As'habuttulaqa (Forgiven people);
They were non-Muslim at the time of victory of Makkah; after that, they were forgiven by Muhammad, then they became Muslims. Allaah said:
“And why do you not spend in the cause of Allah while to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth? Not equal among you are those who spent before the conquest [of Makkah] and fought [and those who did so after it]. Those are greater in degree than they who spent afterwards and fought. But to all Allah has promised the best [reward]. And Allah , with what you do, is Acquainted”. (Quran 57 verse10)
There was no difference or disagreement among the Companions or those following them from among Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim main body) with regard to the Islamic creed (`Aqidah).

This is because they all believed in what is mentioned in the Qur'an and the Prophetic Sunnah. Moreover, they never introduced new practices into the religion. This was the reason for their unity and agreement on the same beliefs and the same method, acting upon Allah's Saying, "And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allâh (i.e. this Qur’ân), and be not divided among yourselves." [Surah Al-`Imran, 3: 103]

From their virtues is that their faith was affirmed to by Allaah as contained in suratul baqarah. They were described in Tawraat and Injeel (suratul Fathi). They were granted paradise. They were the best of generation. They will be the first to enter paradise after all the prophet on the day of judgement. They are not to be abused nor reviled. It is an obligation to affirm all these for them, and to supplicate for them. May Allaah be pleased with them all.

Al-Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal [d.241h], may Allah have mercy on him said, "From the fundamental principles of sticking to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, is sticking to [and understanding] the Sunnah however the Companions of the of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, stuck to [and understood] the Sunnah...". 

As-Shaykh Rabee' bin Hadi al-Madkhali, may Allah protect him, said in his explanation of al-Imam Ahmad's [d.241] words, "The understanding of the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, is the criterion by which people who are seeking the truth weigh their affairs. All of what the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, and his companions, may Allah be pleased with them, adhered to was [and is] guidance and good counsel. 

The Companions of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, stuck firmly to the book of Allah, the Most High, and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him. They stuck firmly to his sunnah, prayers and peace upon him, in the affairs of belief, in the affairs of worship, and in dealing with one another. So al-Imam Ahmad [d.241.h], may Allah have mercy on him, has enlightened us to this monumental, vast principle (i.e. sticking to the understanding of the companions) that nothing, especially belief, in the religion of Islam is excluded from it." 
Reviling the Sahaabah falls into three categories:
1. Reviling them by saying that most of them were kaafirs or that all of them were evildoers. This is kufr because it is a rejection of the praise of Allaah and His Messenger for them and their approval of them. The one who doubts that such a person is a kaafir is himself a kaafir, because this view implies that those who transmitted the Quraan and Sunnah were kaafirs or evildoers.

2. If he reviles them by cursing them, then there are two scholarly views as to whether he is a kaafir. According to the view that he is not a kaafir, he is still to be flogged and imprisoned until he dies or recants what he said.

3. If he reviles them in a way that does not reach the level of doubting their religious commitment, such as saying that they were cowardly or miserly. He is not a kaafir, but he should be given a disciplinary punishment (tazeer) to serve as a deterrent. This was stated by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in al-Saarim al-Maslool, where he narrates on p. 573 that Ahmad said: It is not permissible for anyone to mention any of their bad qualities or to criticize any of them for a fault or shortcoming. Whoever does that should be disciplined, then if he repents all well and good, otherwise he should be flogged in prison until he dies or recants.
May Allaah be pleased with them all.
i. Kitāb at-Tabāqat al-Kabīr by Ibn Sa’d al-Baghdadi’s (Muhammad ibn Sa'd)
 ii. Istî’âb fî ma’rifat-il-Ashâb by Hafidh Yusuf bin Muhammad bin Qurtubi 
iii. Sahihul Bukhari
iv. Sharh Usoolu Sunnah of Imam Ahmad by Dr Rabee bin Hadee Al-Madhkali
v. Fataawa Sheik Muhammad bin Saalih al-uthaymeen (5/83, 84)
vi. Men Around the Messenger by Khaleed Muhammad Khaleed

Sunday, 19 August 2012






All praises due to Allah the Omnipotent. May His Blessings continue to be on our noble Prophet, my friend and Allah’s friend Muhammad (PBOH).

Whenever we hear about corruption our minds quickly goes to our Public places and the rapid embezzlement therein. But corruption goes beyond that. Its like a virus in a system of Computer or mobile phone, no-one prays for it because its effect is damaging. Every single person in Nigeria nowadays is living with this Corruption virus. As a result of this, our citizens are bane of suspicion everywhere in the World. For this we may have to limit ourselves to Political Corruption which I know most of us will focus our mind on.

Corruption is both a major cause and a result of poverty around the world. It occurs at all levels of society, from local and national governments, civil society, judiciary functions, large and small businesses, military and other services and so on.

Corruption affects the poorest the most, in rich or poor nations, though all elements of society are affected in some way as corruption undermines political development, democracy, economic development, the environment, people’s health and more.

Corruption has Brothers including Bribery, Nepotism, Graft, Extortion, Cronyism, embezzlement to mention but few. The Children includes, Advance fee Fraud (419), Theft, Armed Robbery, Drug Trafficking, Money Laundering, Human Trafficking, Egbesu Boys, Bakassi Boys, Odua Congress, Militant, and the current Boko Haram. I also noticed recently that our able body workforce (able men) have all ran out of Nigeria in search of greener pastures (Modern Slavery). No wonder we have many single ladies with no possible solution at sight of getting a husband. In Dubai currently, more than 18 Nigerian guys usually sleeps in a room and they are happy with that. Not only that, they don’t have any hope of coming home at all, so where are their wives?

Around the world, the perception of corruption in public places is very high. In doing Business, Nigeria among other nations has been judged by the New York Times as the worst recently. And it was not until recent times, Transparent International has put Nigeria on the top list of most corrupt nations.

Islam is the Manual of our life. Allah says; Al youm akmantu lakum deenukum wa akmantu 'alaikum ni'mati was radeetu lakum al Islaam deen. The neemah in this verse represent peace, and as such if we want peace, not only in Nigeria, in the whole world we must go back to Islam. This reminds me of someone who visited his friend with his new model Mercedes Car. He park wrongly and when his friend offer to help him re-park, he was looking for the key hole not knowing that such vehicle doesn’t come with key-hole again but just a botton. How can he know when he never read the manual of the Car? We do have major issues with our electronics because most of us never bother to read owner’s manual. Allah is our creator and Islam is the manual of our life.

Hadith No. 1 said: “Actions are judged by motives, and a man shall have what he intends.” The Holy Qur’ān warns mankind in these words: “Do not speak which you do not do.” The Blessed Prophet was the living example of this statement, and this is the reason why Thomas Carlyle wrote:

“A man of truth and fidelity true in what he did, in what he spoke and thought. The word of such a man is a voice direct from Nature’s own heart.”

All the historians who studied the history of Arabia, Islam and Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) have agreed unanimously that Islamic rule (C.E.630 to 664) established by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) and continued by Caliphs Abu Bakr, Umar bin Khattab, Usman bin Affan and Ali bin Abu Talib was free of corruption and best rule the world has ever witnessed. Even during the time of Usman bin Affan there was corruption among the relatives of the Caliph. Historians opine that this created adverse effect on the purity of Islamic administration followed by Usman.

In Islam, wealth is a blessing which should be utilised for our livelihood and helping fellow humans. Otherwise, it is a curse. It is a test from God, and those who are successful will have a blessed life in the next world. The Holy Qur’ān states: “Woe to every (kind of) scandal-monger and backbiter, who layeth it by, thinking that his wealth would make him last forever” (94:2-3). In its Tafseer, Yusuf Ali says: “Woe to the miser who blocks up the channels of use and service and dams up his wealth.” The Prophet (PBOH) said that on the Day of Judgment God will ask every person how he had utilised his wealth.

Wealth includes money, land, property, buildings, and ornaments of different category and so on. Wealth can make our life dignified and comfortable as well as it can destroy our soul.

The Holy Qur’ān warns mankind: “And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which God hath given them of His Grace. Think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: soon shall the things which they covetously withheld be tied to their necks like a twisted collar, on the Day of Judgment” (3:180). One the Day of Judgment, human beings will be asked regarding their wealth. Wealth should be utilised properly. It should be utilised for human welfare, progress and development. On analysing the attitude of non-believers towards wealth, Allah states: “And verily, he (man) is violent in love of wealth”. (100:8).

Qur’ān says: “All extravagant people are brothers of Satan and Satan is a rebel against God.”

The Holy Qur’ān warns mankind regarding evil acts, and states: “Do neither evil nor mischief on the face of the earth” (11:60). It also insists mankind to “Forbid one another the perpetration of evil” (5:79).

Islam, with its wide range of economic policy, never allows public money to be exploited by an undeserved few. The Holy Qur’ān warns people of accumulating illegal wealth. It warns them against capturing the wealth of orphans and the destitute. Moreover, Islam never permits a man to hoard wealth without circulation.

The income of the state, share of the poor, safety of the weaker sections, etc. are to be protected by the authorities. The officials are supposed to be service minded and harbour no pre-occupied decisions. All are equal before the law. Communications, revenue collections, distribution of welfare funds, rendering help to the poor, etc. are to be done with an open mind, and no discrimination should be made.

Caliph Umar bin Khattab showed the best example for eradicating corruption. While he was discussing official matters with a person, the speaker turned his discussion to personal matters. Immediately Umar put off the light saying that public finance should not be utilised for private matters.

But the question now is are we ready for the cleaning of our system? If you think we are ready then it starts with every individual. Obey Allah today and stop all vices from your own end. It is then you can be able to abuse any President or Governor, otherwise we are all in it together. This is a question that needs answer.

Salaam alaikum warahmatullah.

References; Translation of Qur'an (Yusuf Alli), Al Nawawi Hadith, Transparency International Report
Top of Form

Saturday, 18 August 2012


*Hilaal (Crescent) Islamic Center is located at Hilaal Street, behind the Old Herald Office, near Flower Garden, G.R.A, Ilorin.


A'udhu Billahi Minasshaitani Rrajim, Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim.
In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, the Merciful. We bear witness that there is nobody worthy of worship except Allah. We equally testify that the leader of Mankind, Muhammad saw, is the last Messenger of Allah sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam, and His Apostle. May Allah, subhanahu wata'aala continue to shower His abundant blessings upon the soul of the Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam, his Household, the Companions and the entire Muslim Ummah till the Day of Accountability.

We thank Almighty Allah Who made it possible for us to complete this year's Annual Ramadan Lectures organized by Hilaal (Crescent) Islamic Center, Ilorin for the benefit of its facebook members and the entire public. May He not make this year's edition our last on earth. May He grant us many more years of opportunity to maximize rewards through this medium.

Although the modern communication media are highly beneficial to the entire human race, its negative effects on our lives and future as Muslims are immeasurable. A critical examination of the genesis and the prevalent negative role of the social media show that, part of the aims and objective of the West is to take away our religion (Islam) completely from us and replace same with fasaad (mischief) through the use of the internet facilities.

Several spiritual crimes are committed through the internet. Prominent among the negative effects of the modern communication facilities is free-mixing among men and women of different religious and moral background. Many of our Brothers and Sisters have been polluted with great spiritual problems. Muslim sisters upload their pictures indiscriminately on the internet giving unknown men free access to their images and beauties in the face of strong proscription from the Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet, sollaLohu alaihi wasallam. By all ramifications, Islam forbids all forms of unethical and unrestricted interactions with opposite sex without blood relation or other than for the sake of Allah, subhanahu wata'aala.

It has been noticed that these bad trend spread by the modern communication gadgets is responsible for the decrease in the rate at which Muslims care about their religion. This is one of the reasons why places of worship and tafseer gatherings are always scanty during and after the month of Ramadan.

It is in view of the above that the Management of Hilaal (Crescent) Islamic Centre, Ilorin came up with the initiative of organizing daily Islamic programmes on our facebook group page, throughout the period of the Holy month to divert the attention of Muslim youths from frivolous activities on the internet to the remembrance of Almighty Allah.

The peak of the programmes is the "Daily Symposium" where several critical issues were discussed by invited lecturers. This was a golden idea targeted at keeping Brothers and Sisters busy with rewarding activities on facebook throughout the period of the month of blessings. Even though there are many Islamic forums on facebook where Muslims benefit so much during and after the month of Ramadan, the need for this nature of programme cannot be over-emphasized. The rate of ignorance of the tenets of the pristine Islamic faith among the Muslims of this generation is alarming. It is our hope that the programme would reform members of the ummah in the month of Ramadan and further assist them to become better Muslims after the Ramadan period.

This programme started last year with limited success. But with special Glory to Almighty Allah, our last year's achievement was consolidated this year with full participation of the members of the forum on facebook and beyond. The programmes were not meant to impress anybody other than Allah, subhanahu wata'aala. We pray Allah in His infinite mercies to reward the organizers, contributors, commentators and observers abundantly. May He make our efforts in this rewarding project a testimony for us and not against us on the Day of Resurrection. Amin.

In the Daily Symposium aspect of our Ramadan programmes, we had not less than thirty papers presented by different discussants on various topical issues affecting Muslims in Nigeria and other parts of the world. While some of the topics dealt with the understanding of the fundamental principles of Islam in accordance with Quran and Sunnah, others addressed current issues as it affects the Muslims in Nigeria/Islamic world and probable solutions were suggested to them.

Some of the matters examined and treated at what we can call "Facebook Islamic Conference" and the suggested solutions would be discussed under the following headings:

The Conference noted with dismay high level of corruption in Nigeria. In a short, but concise paper delivered by Bro. Alabi Abdullateef Olanrewaju, a graduate of Accounting, Yaba College of Technology on ''The Bane of Corruption in Nigeria: Islamic Solution'', it was noted that whenever we hear about corruption, our minds quickly goes to our public places and the rapid embezzlement therein. Bro. Abdullateef said corruption goes beyond that in Nigeria. In his words he stated:

"It is like a virus in a system of a computer or mobile phone, no one prays for it because its effect is damaging. Every single person in Nigeria nowadays is living with this corruption virus. As a result of this, our citizens are bane of suspicion everywhere in the world"

The discussant went further, expressing the fact that corruption is the major cause and result of poverty around the world. It occurs at all levels of our society; from local councils to the state and federal governments, civil societies, the judiciary, legislature, large and small businesses, military and other spheres of our lives. The conference observed that lack of proper implementation of justice and punishment of corrupt top government officials further promotes the spread of corruption in Nigeria.

While proffering Islamic solution to the endemic nature of corruption in Nigeria and other parts of the world, Bro Abdullateef remarked thus:

"All the historians who studied the history of Arabia, Islam and Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) have agreed unanimously that Islamic rule (C.E.630 to 664) established by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and continued by Caliphs Abu Bakr, Umar Bin Khattab, Usman Bin Affan and Ali Bin Abu Talib was free from corruption and best ruled the world has ever witnessed"

The Holy Qur’ān warns mankind against corruption in the following verses:

And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which God hath given them of His Grace. Think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: soon shall the things which they covetously withheld be tied to their necks like a twisted collar, on the Day of Judgment” (Q3:180).

One the Day of Judgment, human beings will be asked regarding their wealth. Wealth should be utilized properly. It should be utilized for human welfare, progress and development. On analyzing the attitude of non-believers towards wealth, Allah states:

“And verily, he (man) is violent in love of wealth”. (Q100:8).

Taking a critical look at the media and the management of Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria, one will no doubt agree that the Nigerian media is playing both negative and positive roles in giving information to the public about the activities of the group, about government and public responses to the activities of the group.
Today, different adjectives have since been used to describe the group and its activities since the insurgence several years of ago. It is not doubt that since the killing of Muhammad Yusuf, Boko Haram crisis degenerated to the extent that the group keeps on regrouping, re-strategizing and killed several people and destroyed properties, media houses, police and military formations inclusive.

Our own stand on this issue is that Islam a religion does not preach violence. It is a religion of peace that condemns killing of innocent souls (Muslims or Non-Muslims). It is very unfortunate that the media ascribe the activities of the so called Boko Haram group to Islam.

In a paper titled "The Media and Management of Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria", Bro AbduRosheed Okiki, a reporter with Radio Kwara, Ilorin stated thus:

"To effectively manage Boko Haram crisis by the Nigerian media therefore, media practitioners that are involved or will be involved in reporting the crisis should seek proper knowledge about the origin, operations and development of the group. It is believed that doing this will open the minds of reporters to distinguishing between what is true or false and project the impact of such report on social harmony. The Prophet (SAW) said: “A person who believes in Allah and the Hereafter should speak about good things or keep quiet.” (Bukhari)"

Bro. Okiki opined that Nigerian media should re-invigorate their machineries towards playing mediatory role in ending the Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria by distinguishing properly between propaganda and truth, verify incidences of bombings and other violent acts to actually know whether it was perpetrated by the group or not before going to the press.

Nigerian media should not shirk in their responsibility as the case may be and called the government, Boko Haram and other stakeholders to order on the need to end the crisis through dialogue as many wars are not won on the battle field but on the table (not war-war but jay-jay).

One of the major problems facing the Muslim ummah is the activities of the extremists among some Islamic groups. Islam equally condemns slackness, reckless and rashness in the practice of the religion. As a matter of fact, while entering into Islam in full with strict adherence to the provisions of Quran and Sunnah in Islam is unconditional, Muslims are encouraged to be moderate and avoid exceeding limits set by Allah in the practice of their faith. In a related presentation, Bro. Eseoghene Al-faruq Ohwojeheri, a graduate of University of Benin noted that "moderation" is how a Muslim should practice his faith as distinct from "extremism" and "laxity". Moderation is to maintain the middle course of things because Allah described us as “Ummatan wasata” (i.e. the balanced community). While describing what it means for the Muslims to be moderate, he stated thus:

"This is why we love Allah but we don’t call Him "our father" since He is not. This is why we observe prayers but we don’t have to scream like the kuffar and some Assalatu groups who are imitating the kuffar. This is why we give charity but we don’t abandon our families too. This is why we fast and we break it. This is why we go to Hajj when we have the means, and if we don’t have the means, we won’t have to go"

Going to the extreme is to do things in excess of the standard Allah and His Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasalam set down for us. We should not try to do more than the level of the Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam. The Prophet said about doing things in excess: “Beware of excessiveness in religion. [People] before you have perished as a result of [such] excessiveness" The people referred to above are the people of other religions, especially Ahlul Kitab [the People of the Book]; Jews and Christians and mainly the Christians. The Qur'an addresses these people:

“Say: O People of the Book! Exceed not in your religion the bounds [of what is proper], trespassing beyond the truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by who misled many, and strayed [themselves] from the even Way".

The conference noted that one of the greatest problems of the Muslim ummah today is impatience as it relates to divorce. These days, marriage among couples fails due to many factors. Some of the factors that are responsible for the prevalent divorce in our contemporary society are lack of proper understanding of Islamic principles of marriage, breach of trust and intolerance. We have become an impatient people not ready to work on our marriages. Over the years, we have become emotionally unstable.

Whatever the case, the destructive effect of divorce is obvious all around us. The children are adversely affected, the involved parties are affected and family relations are left in state of helplessness. Obviously Allah has allowed divorce and no doubt there are times when it is necessary, especially when physical violence is involved or if the marriage is beginning to affect ones physical, mental or spiritual well being.

Sis. Umm Maryam Abdul delivered a paper on "Alarming Rate of Divorce in our Society: Islamic Solution". She blamed lack of effective communication and negligence of gender roles for the high rate of divorce in our society. She stressed the need for kindness and compassion between couples in order to avoid the danger of divorce. She said and I quote:

"The society we live in puts a lot of pressure on us to conform to certain standards, she expects her husband to earn X amount and to afford this that and the other, he expects his wife to speak a certain way, look a certain way and behave a certain way and if this is not satisfactory then problems arise. However, if we see each other as brothers and sisters, just as we tend to accept all sorts from our family members we will also overlook so much from our spouses. 

Kindness is a trait many of us have lost due to our high expectations, for if we have a spouse who is not reaching those lofty heights we are rude, obnoxious, arrogant and dismissive of them and this only cause more hurt and makes them even less likely to please us and then begins a vicious cycle of unhappiness"

It has been noticed that many couples today do not understand themselves properly before jumping into marriage. It is the duty of both parties to examine each other properly within the limits set by the shari'ah and ensure they would be able to live together peacefully without enmity and discord. It is difficult for couples not to have misunderstanding sometimes. But they must have a unique way of settling their differences before it gets out of hand.

Men do not perform the responsibilities Islam place on them, likewise women. It is the duty of men to maintain their wives and the entire family. Women must begin to see themselves as the first school for the children. Negligence of these two (2) important roles may occasion misunderstanding, and misunderstanding may lead to divorce.

Muslim parents have great responsibility in ensuring that their children dress properly in the ways and manners prescribed by the Shar'iah. It is always disheartening and unfortunate seeing our sisters from Muslim homes dress against the requirements of the shari'ah. In this kind of situation, the first impression that comes to mind is that those sisters seen dressing abnormally are not properly trained or that they joined bad wagons in schools.
The western ways of life have infiltrated our lives to the extent that we imitate the kuffaar in all aspects of human endeavors. One of the prominent areas of imitation is the mode of dressing. An ideal Muslim sister is one who care, learn and practice the Islamic ways of dressing.   

Sis. Nimatallah King, a Lagos based Sisters' Da'wah Coordinator presented a paper on "Muslim Sisters and Proper Mode of Dressing in Islam". She noted that as Muslim women, their duty and utmost priority is to worship Allah according to His dictates, which dressing according to the guidelines of Allah is at the top of the scale. Muslim women enjoy enormous rights from the shari'ah and they must protect that right always. Sis. King stated and I quote:
"The Muslim woman has been held to a high esteem. She is to be respected and treated kindly by all. Her father is to raise her with sound Islamic education and astounding morals, her husband is to take-care of her, feed her and clothe her within his means, and her Muslim brothers (non-mahram) are to lower their gaze and comport themselves in her presence. All these are rights that the obedient Muslimah enjoys by the will of Allah"

Based on the provisions of the Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam, the scholars have resolved on the rules guiding our sisters' mode dressing as folllows:

1. Her entire body must be covered- According to Quran 33:26 , Allah commands women to screen their entire body from the view of others. Some scholars agree that only the face and hands should be uncovered, while other scholars insist that the face must be covered as well.

If a woman is dressed provocatively in public, she begins to attract lustful gazes, which can be detrimental because a sin is recorded for her for every lustful gaze that she deliberately invites to herself as a result of her choice of clothing.

2. Her clothing must not be transparent – See through clothing defeat the entire purpose of Hijab. It does not cover the body efficiently and it could make a woman appear enticing to men. Ladies, if your underwear is visible under your blouse, please don't wear it....because it is haram.

3. Her clothing must not be tight – Abu Hurayra (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated from the messenger of Allah (May the peace and blessings of Allah be with him), who said, “During the last days of my ummah there will be women who are clothed but naked, with something on their heads like the humps of camels. Curse them, for they are cursed.” Another hadeeth adds: “They will not enter Paradise or even smell its fragrance, although its fragrance can be detected from such and such a distance” (Sahih Muslim). Clothed yet naked describes women that wear tight or see through clothing that emphasize their body parts. 

4. Her clothing must not resemble the clothing of men - Abu Hurayrah said:

“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed the man who wears women’s clothes, and the woman who wears men’s clothes.”

This can be challenging for those that live in societies that are gender neutral for the most part. Nowadays, women fashion inspiration is derived from men's wear, from wrist watches to neck-ties, from shoes to hats e.t.c. But no matter what, our love for Allah triumphs over the deceit of the fashion world. We still can find clothing that is appropriate; we just have to do a little more searching.

5. Her clothing should not resemble the clothing of the non-believers - A Muslim woman should distinguish herself from non-believing women by adopting the dress and character of the wives of the Prophet and the Sahabiyyah (may Allah be pleased with them) because they are the ones that are to be emulated.

6. Clothing should not be worn for fame or pride – The Muslim woman is to be humble. Her clothing is a means for her to earn the pleasure of Allah alone. She should not dress to show off or oppress others. Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever wears a garment of fame and vanity in this world, Allaah will clothe him in a garment of humiliation on the Day of Resurrection, then He will cause Fire to flame up around him.'”

7. Her clothing must not be flashy – Women should avoid excessively decorated garments that may draw men's attention to her. This can be quite tricky for some women, simply because the standard for “flashy” differs from one society to another and from person to person. However, some general standards exist. We can all agree – to an extent – that 'over the top' sequin, 'over the top' rhinestones, an item that feature ALL the colors of the rainbow, full-face make-up, crazy-weird prints, weird styles, all attract major attention. Also, if you think certain clothing is over the top, and then chances are, it is truly over the top.

All these could be found in the detailed presentation by Sis. Nimatallah King. May Allah reward abundantly.

One of the major problems we have noticed in the Muslim community today is the unethical manners by which the work of da'wah is being handled by some so called scholars. Some of our scholars are imitating people of other religion, commercializing the work of da'wah. While some take huge wage before attending any lectures, some stylishly extort money from their followers and adherents. This has no basis in the Quran, Sunnah and the exemplary qualities of the Sohaabah.

Sis. Maryam Abiodun Omolade presented a paper on the topic "Concept of Da'wah: Islamic Perspective and Methodology". Based on clear shari'ah evidences, Sister Maryam outrightly condemns the act of getting pay for lectures to be delivered. She describes the habit as unethical and shameful in the eye of the shariah. She noted that da'wah is not done for wages or material compensation. It must be done for the sake of Allah and Allah would reward it accordingly. However, if money or any other material things comes to a scholar by way of assistance of the cause of Allah voluntarily from the congregation or well to do Muslims, he can take it. But he must fear Allah on how he will manage it.

It must also be noted that da'wah should not be understood to be a forceful struggle to convert people to Islam. The alleged call by some groups that the Nigerian President, Goodluck Jonathan must resign or be ready to practice Islam is laughable, unbelievable and lack basis in shari'ah da'wah methology. A proper understanding of the concept of Da'wah will remove misconceptions about how Islam is propagated. It shouldn't be enforced upon people to come to Islam. We read in the Qur'aan what means. The Quran says:

"But if they turn away (O Muhammad). We have not sent you as a watcher over them (i.e to take care of their deeds and to recompense them). Your duty is to convey (the Message). And Verily, when We cause man to taste of Mercy from Us, He rejoices thereat; but when some ill befalls them because of deeds which their hands have sent forth, then verily, man(becomes) ingrate!" {Qur'aan 42;48}. 

It should be noted that there is no compulsion in religion. Sis Maryam said our duties in da'wah are limited to the conveyance of the message. We Muslims also believe that embracing Islam is due to guidance, which only occurs by the Grace of Allaah. Allaah 'Azza wa Jall says;

"Verily, you (O Muhammad) guide not whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are guided". {Qur'aan 28; 56}

"There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taguth and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is the All-Hearer, All Knower". {Qur'aan 2; 256}

It is a matter of common knowledge that a war is raging, with extremists on both sides, over the issue of circumcision. On one side are fanatic secularists whose antipathy to religion has induced them to engage in a crusade against all forms of circumcision, including male circumcision, as a form of child abuse. On the other side are ignorant traditionalists who erroneously subscribe to religious belief and submit to cultural traditions involving horrific forms of female genital mutilation (FGM, which they defend as a form of "female circumcision").

In between the extremes are many well-meaning people confused about the actual nature of the scientific evidence and the religious prescriptions regarding all sorts of practices involving any form of cutting in the genital areas.

During a professional presentation by Bro. AbdulMumin Ya'qub, a final year student of Medicine, University of Uganda on the topic "Female Genital Mutilation or Circumcision: Where Does Islam Stand?", we were made to understand that circumcision is one of the Sunnan of the fitrah, as is indicated by the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):
"The fitrah is five things – or five things are part of the fitrah – circumcision, shaving the pubes, plucking the armpit hairs, cutting the nails, and trimming the moustache." narrated by al-Bukhaari (5889) and Muslim (257). 

Therefore, our position on this issue is that circumcision is prescribed for both males and females. The correct view is that circumcision is obligatory for males and that it is one of the symbols of Islam, and that circumcision of women is mustahabb but not obligatory. There are reports in the Sunnah which indicate that circumcision for women is prescribed in Islam. Bro. Abdulmumin stated that:
"In Madeenah there was a woman who circumcised women and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to her: “Do not go to the extreme in cutting; that is better for the woman and more liked by the husband.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (5271), classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

In another version, the Rasul is reported to have said "Cut off only the foreskin (outer fold of skin over the clitoris; the prepuce) but do not cut off deeply (i.e. the clitoris) for this is brighter for the face (of the girl) and more favorable with the husband." (Al-Tabarani, quoted in Muhammad Naasiruddeen Al Albani Silsilat al-Ahadeeth Al-Sahihah, Al Maktab Al-Islami, Beirut, Lebanon, 1983, vol. 2, Hadeeth no. 722).

Bro. AbdulMu'min, quoting a female Gynaecologist Sitt al-Banaat Khaalid went further to state the benefit of female circumcision as follows:

1.    It takes away excessive libido from women

2.    It prevents unpleasant odours which result from foul secretions beneath the prepuce.

3.    It reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections

4.    It reduces the incidence of infections of the reproductive system.
Nonetheless, it clearly forbids severity in circumcision and bases such limitation on both the potential to harm the woman and the potential to make her less desirable to her husband. Yet, despite the restriction against severity, the Prophet did not here prohibit circumcision completely.

One of the issues that has generated much controversy in the Nigerian polity is the constitutionality or otherwise of the operation of Islamic Banking in Nigeria. While Nigerian Muslims see it as a great opportunity for us to implement one of the most fundamental branches of Islamic law, Christians in Nigeria see it as a ploy by the Central Bank Governor to Islamize Nigeria.

We want to state categorically that establishment of Islamic Banking in Nigeria does not in any way amount to Islamization of the country. It is the fundamental right of Nigerian Muslims to enjoy a shar'iah compliant financial institution. In view of the clear constitutional provision that guarantees freedom of religion, the recent decision of the Federal High Court which purportedly outlawed the practice of Islamic Banking system is surprising and untenable.   

Bro. Abdullateef Aliyu, a graduate of Mass Communication, University of Ilorin and a Reporter with National Pilot Newspaper delivered a paper on the topic "Operation of Islamic Banking System in Nigeria: The Journey So Far". Concerning the unnecessary controversy that trailed the floating of Islamic Banking system, he expressed the view that it is disturbing that a noble idea like this capable of propelling the economic growth of the country at a time we face multifarious challenges in all facets of life could be a matter of controversy. Does it mean there are people who are averse to seeing Nigeria coming out of its present economic doldrums? For how long will the country continue to hover in unemployment, stunted and scuttled industrial development contributing largely to our youth unemployment? How has the conventional banking system contributed to the growth of the economy and solved the unemployment time bomb threatening to explode and implode the most populous black race?

On the achievement recorded so far in the operation of Islamic Banking system in Nigeria, Bro Abdullateef said and I quote;

"Notwithstanding the jaundiced and bigoted opposition to Islamic Banking operation in Nigeria, it is gratifying to note that the CBN remains unfazed. The apex bank stuck to its gun and went ahead to grant licence to the first Islamic Bank in Nigeria, Jaiz Plc to operate. The bank which commenced transaction in January this year took off with three branches- namely Abuja, Kano and Kaduna. The bank says it is also targeting opening 13 branches in the North East and North Western part of the country before the year winds up to expand its operational scope and provide more access to Nigerians"

It is our strong believe that Islamic Banking system has come to stay in Nigeria and no amount of intimidation and condemnation from the enemies of Islam would stop its growth in this country. Just last month (July), the bank targeted $49.1m (8bn) in fresh capital through a private placement in order to secure a national license- according the Bank MD. Currently, Jaiz only has a licence as a regional lender which it hopes to convert to a national license. What gladdens our heart is the commitment of Islamic Development Bank (IDB), an international Islamic Finance Corporation, to increase its stake in the bank just like other shareholders reportedly willing to invest more in the bank. These are good tidings indeed but it doesn’t stop at that.

This is where the responsibility of me and you comes in if we desire to sustain the system and make it competitive with the so-called conventional banking in terms of strong capital base. As Muslims, it is not enough to cry out over the opposition to Islamic Banking. How can we contribute to the sustenance and growth of the bank? This is a poser which requires no much introspection but to part with our money to provide strong financial backing for the bank.

Islam means peace and total submission to the Will of Almighty Allah. Peaceful co-existence among Muslims and Non-Muslims in any given society is one of the aims and objectives of the shari'ah. The erroneous belief being spread by the local and foreign media that Muslims are mischief makers in Nigeria should be corrected as a matter of urgency. The media should stop accusing Islam for any crime or atrocity committed by any individual or a group of Muslims. 

Historically, the Islamic State of Madinah was a multireligious society thus setting a model for us and an important example for present day Muslims. The Community comprised of Jewish tribe (mainly Banu Qaynuqa, the Banu Qurayza, and Banu Nadir.) and pagan arabs the Aws an khazraj then the Muslims led by the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). The Aws and khazraj, the two Arab tribes are always in conflict with each other, the Jewish tribes, treacherous as they are (even till this day) fought on different sides of the conflicting Arabs, the Qurayza siding with the Aws (protecting their economic interest and investment is paramount to them than peace between elements of the society).

Therefore, anyone who ascribes violence to Islam and the Muslim community is suffering from an incurable disease of ignorance. Ibn Ishaq recorded that after his arrival in 622, Muhammad established a compact, the Constitution of Medina, which committed the Jewish and Muslim tribes to mutual cooperation. The parties though not yet Muslims, agreed that the Prophet (pbuh) be the arbitrator of their dispute. 

In a paper titled "Peaceful Co-existence in Multi-religious Society", Bro. Sodiq Omoola, a graduate of law, Bayero University Kano stated that the Constitution of Medinah is the earliest known written constitution. It was drafted in 622, and concerns the rights and responsibilities of the Muslim, Jewish, and other Arab and tribal communities of Medinah during the war between that city and its neighbours. The most important points with respect to the geographically close Jews were: 

1.The Jews will profess their religion and the Muslims theirs.
2. The Jews shall be responsible for their expenditure, and the Muslims for theirs.
3. If attacked by a third party, each shall come to the assistance of the other.
4. Each party shall hold counsel with the other. Mutual relation shall be founded on righteousness; sin is totally excluded.
5. Neither shall commit sins to the prejudice of the other.
6. The wronged party shall be aided.
7. The Jews shall contribute to the cost of war so long as they are fighting alongside the believers.
8. Madinah shall remain sacred and inviolable for all that join this treaty. Should any disagreement arise between the signatories to this treaty, then Muhammad shall settle the dispute.
9. The signatories to this treaty shall boycott Quraish commercially; they shall also abstain from extending any support to them.
10. Each shall contribute to defending Madinah, in case of a foreign attack, in its respective area.
11. This treaty shall not hinder either party from seeking lawful revenge.
Subsequently, the Multi religious society of Madinah was able to agree against all odds on mutual co-operation, and they were able to repel the Quraysh of Makkah.

The Muslims believe that it is not permissible, under any circumstances whatsoever, for a Muslim to mistreat a non-Muslim who is not hostile towards Islam; so the Muslim should not commit aggression against him, or frighten him, or terrorize him, or steal his wealth, or embezzle him, or deprive him of his rights, or deny him his trust, or deny him his wages, or withhold from him the price of his goods when buying from him or withhold the profits of a partnership if he is in a business partnership with him.

It is our duty to call non-Muslims to Islam with wisdom, preach to them in the most beautiful manner, that is better as Allah says in Surah Ankabut (Q29v 46): “And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in good manner, inviting them to Islamic Monotheism with His Verses), except with such of them as do wrong”

The Prophet Muhammad is a harbinger of mercy and justice to the whole of mankind

"And We have not sent you except as a mercy to mankind" (Q21:107).

Muslims are to extend such to other human irrespective of their creed or believe. No one should be denied his or her right because of his or are religion.

“And I am commanded to do justice among you. Allaah is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and for you your deeds" [Q42:15]

The issue of Almajiri and high rate of begging among Muslims, especially in the northern part of Nigeria need special attention. The greatest misconception here is that whenever a person from the southern part of Nigeria travels to the north and see the so-called Al-majiri system and the rate at which begging is institutionalized in the predominant Muslim north, his assumption and thinking is that Islam encourage begging. This kind of impression is wrong and unfortunate.

In a bid to educate the public and correct this erroneous belief, we invited Bro. Abdulhameed Al-Gazali, a graduate of History, University of Maiduguri to present a paper on the topic "Almajiri Problem and Refutation of Begging in Islam".

In his lengthy presentation, he defined the term "Almajiri" as follows:

"Literally, Almajiri means student, as is also referred to in Kanuri, Ma’aajir. And technically, it is said to be corrupted away from the Arabic word “Almuhajirun” (as are many other Kanuri and Hausa words), meaning Emigrant (Aisha, 2012). However putting it in the rightful context is necessary as emigrant may not necessarily refer to what we mean. Thus, whereas an emigrant in the wider sense is any individual or group of, who move out from their place of living to settle somewhere else permanently, for various political and socio-economic reasons; in the context of Almajiranci, the individual purposely travels out or made to, from his home and look elsewhere, in the bid to acquire the Knowledge of the Holy Qur’an. The belief in this instance is that, one will concentrate the more when he is away from home—a belief held by many scholars, up to this day (Aisha, 2012).

By extension however, this concept is not only restricted to the Almajiris, it is virtually the same with students in the Universities and other institutions who travel elsewhere in the quest for knowledge. The only difference, if at all there is, being that the former seeks for Qur’anic knowledge in a Tsangaya, and the latter, Western, in the University. The Tsangaya in those days—before the advent of western education, is no less than a University. Muhammad Al-Amin El-Kanemi, an erudite Islamic scholar, has established and run a Tsangaya that attracted students (the Almajiri) from almost all over West Africa—indeed what would have been equivalent to a University today, in Ngala, in the erstwhile Kanem-Borno Empire; the same did Sultan Muhammed Bello in Silame (Alkali, 2004; Adamu, 2004). So in essence, the system of Almajiranci or Tsangaya system of education, has remained a noble educational institution, and in the rightful tone of Islam, until the Imperialist Scramble for Africa"

Bro. Abdulhameed drew a clear line of difference between the meanings of Almajiri (leaving a place in the bid to acquire the knowledge of the Holy Qur’an) as explained above and "bara" or "rook" (begging). He stated and I quote:
"The term begging, roko (general term for begging in Hausa) as against bara (the Almajiri begging) in Hausa, is nothing but that dishonorable and shameful act of soliciting for food, money, clothing, everything, from other people, because of laziness and heartlessness—very few of us don’t. We have to here acknowledge that begging is not restricted to the Almajiris only, there are varieties of them—common to many people. There are they: there is the case of disabled men and women courtesy of polio and other preventable diseases; there is the praise-singers, who shamelessly call themselves “Yan roko”—you see them in wedding ceremonies, political gatherings, offices…; the newly conceived Internet begging and etc; in fact, those who roam about from one office to another, “begging” for appointments, contracts and money are deservedly beggars (Ahmed, 2007)"

According to the paper, begging was unknown to the people of northern Nigeria until the emergence of the imperialist who came to exploit the people and destroyed the Islamic institutions north. Part of what is responsible for high rate of begging in the north was that before the coming of the colonialist, the responsibility of taking care of the students of Arabic and Islamic education is upon the northern Traditional Rulers. But after the colonialists succeeded in passing over to themselves the powers and responsibilities of the state from the traditional rulers, upon whom the responsibilities of catering for the Almajiri and running the Tsangaya rests, the system stood stripped of its economic lifeblood and to this day, so it has remained. The imperialists having reduced the Traditional government to virtually nothing, passed over to themselves all other responsibilities of the state except perhaps that of the catering for the Tsangaya, which they did not only neglected, but hated with all passion and set to be utterly outdone, but for the determination of some of the conservative scholars and parents. The traditional rulers having lost their powers, the power that to date is not restored to them could not carter for the Almajiri anymore, and coupled with the newly conceived idea of Kaura gabas, the Almajiri and the Mallam had to find ways to fend for themselves outside their home.

Although Islam does not stop anyone from travelling out of his community to acquire knowledge, especially the knowledge of Shar'iah, which in fact the Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam said is a duty of every of Muslim’:
Seeking for knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim”
(Narrated by Ibn Majaa’ – 220)

However, begging, whether as a occupation or part of seeking for knowledge (Almajiranci) is wrong. Islam strongly disapproves of it, unless perhaps on three very strict conditions: (1) The person who is indebted because of acting as a guarantor for a person or community and cannot pay their debts; (2) The person whose properties were destroyed as a result of disaster; and (3) A person who becomes poor and which is acknowledged by those who know them. Besides these categories of people, it is completely impermissible for any other person to beg (Muslim, Zakkat, 109).

Islam encourages us to work hard and earn a living. The Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam throughout his life encouraged us to work and always warned against begging:
“It is better for one among you to bring load of firewood on his back and give  charity out of it (and satisfy his own needs) and be independent of people than that he should beg from people, whether they give him anything or refuse him” (Muslim, Zakkat, 107)

In another related ahaadith, the Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam also told us of what would be of those who refuse to heed and keep to begging as occupation, in the Last Day:
”Some among you do not ever abandon begging. Finally on the Day of Resurrection, that dishonorable person will meet Allah with no flesh left on his body.” (Muslim, Zakkat, 103)

“Whoever continues to beg people for their property in order to accumulate much property, surely asks for piece of fire.” (Muslim, Zakkat, 105)

Our position on the Almajiri problem is that the little attention given to the system by the government in recent time is highly commendable. However, much of the achievements declared are being over publicized, exaggerated and marred with unethical game of politics. Our own concern is that government must be sincere in their intention to bring the danger pose by Almajiri syndrome down to the least minimum and sustain the Aljmajiri welfare package.

If the government of Nigeria cannot find space to accommodate the Tsangaya school system, it should pass it on to the Traditional rulers who in the first place fashioned and embraced it and provide them with all the required resources. It appears that the Traditional institutions have the best mechanism with which to handle this very sensitive issue. They have the advantage of being closer to the people or the Almajiri than any other person. They are more trusted and respected by the community and so heard of. In essence, they are in control of whatever it is that is going within their local communities.

(11)               ON-GOING SYRIAN CRISIS:

As Muslims, we must always be concerned about the condition and welfare of our fellow Muslims anywhere in the world. Our Muslim Brothers and Sisters are suffering in several parts of the world. The heat generated by the Arab Spring in several parts of the Muslim world is unprecedented in history. It first started in Tunisia, then Yemen, Libya, Egypt, Syria and so on. Many lives were lost in the various uprisings. May Allah have mercy on the departed soul. Amin

The case of Syria is most unfortunate and very disturbing. Since the crisis started over a year ago, it is still on-going. In a bid to sensitize Muslim ummah in Nigeria on the on-going Syrian crisis and for us to know what is expected of us, we invited Bro. AbdulHakeem Igho In-Man Owhojeheri, a graduate of law, to address us on "The Expected Role of the Muslim World in On-going Syrian Crisis".

The massacre in Houla province June this year, for any of us who saw it was something horror. It wasn't good at all. Women and small children were killed like chickens. Both the government and opposition blamed each other for the heartless attack. But what is very sure was that it was an attack carried out by either of the two (2) conflicting groups in retaliation of a previous attack.

Our own stand on this issue is that Islam forbids all forms of violence that bring a society to her kneel like that of Syria. It is disheartening that majority of Muslims all over the world have neglected Islamic guidance in the Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet, sollaLohu 'alaihi wasallam. Many Muslim nations of the world that supposed to serve as role model to other nations by practicing Islamic Shariah have chosen to follow their whims and caprices. That is the genesis of the Arab Spring. It is also painful that the Kuffaar are the ones determining the fate of the Muslim nations. The reason for this is not far-fetched. The Muslim nations have failed to judge with what Allah has revealed and Allah would not change a people except they are ready for change.

The Syrian President, Bashar Al-assad cherish his power so much, he doesn't want to leave despite the fact that many of his officials have defected to the opposition. The UN/Arab League Envoy, Kofi Annan had to resign when his six (6) points peace plan couldn't work. While Russia, China, Iran says Al-assad should remain in power in the face of increasing number of casualties, United States and its allies are saying he must leave. Where do we go from here?  

In his earlier cited presentation, Bro Abdulhakeem stated I his paper and I quote:

"The only leverage Russia has against what they refer to as “Saudi influenced wahhabism branch of extreme Islam” is their cozy relation with Shia-Iran and Syria authority. With Syria and especially Iran growing power in the Middle East, the influence of Russia is secure in the region" 

"Russia does not want Syria regime to be replaced by an Islamist rule just like the Americans. The only different is in respect to their respective interest and the cowboy attitude of Americans of shooting their way out of every crisis. As we can see there are so many interests at play in Syria, but as they tussle it out, the crisis on ground intensifies. Scores of helpless Muslims are caught in the crossfire thousands have been killed mainly by government troops and government support militias. The violence has crossed the border into Lebanon where Sunni groups and Alawite Sect slug it out on the streets"

Bro. Abdulhakeem suggested our expected role as Muslims in the crisis as follows:
1. Our first duty as Muslims is to pray that Allah rectify our affairs.

2. We have to identify our problems and think outside the box for solutions. Democracy is not the Solution to our problems, the Shari’ah is. We must work to model a political system for the Muslim world that is 100% in line with the Shari’ah and yet still acceptable to others to emulate.
3. Our Leaders must wake up. We are tired of leaders that runs to find help in the west when face with just a simple headache. This was the attitude of the Arab League when Syria became a problem. The lack of leadership in the Muslim world is one of the greatest undoing of our time. Most Muslim countries are ruled by spoilt brats and western indoctrinated rulers who cannot tolerate correction and will go after an ant with a sledge hammer.

4. We have to unify our ranks and not allow trivialities come between us.

"And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Quran), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah's Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided."

5. We have to identify our enemies and not get carried away by emotions. Our enemies are America, Russia, Israel and co. it does not include Iran and Basher Al Assad Government. The atrocities of Basher Al Assad military and supporters have to be stopped by the Muslims by whatever means possible but it must not be with the help of the West, Russia and China. They are all Devils with different names. Just imagine China banning Muslims from fasting Ramadan wants to help Muslims of Syria, it does not follow.

6. We have to readdress our attitude towards Iran. Iranians have unjustly suffered prosecution, isolation and 30 years of several degrees of sanctions from the west. Iran have suffered this long because they carry the title of being called “Muslims” (despite their Aqidah issues) and for their support for the Palestinian cause. Islam demands that we stand by them in the face of threat from nuclear armed Israel backed by the great Shaytan (US) and the rest of the west. For there to be a peaceful resolution of the conflict Iran has a part to play.

The above are the least we could cover in this communiqué. There are some other vital issues discussed that we have exempted here due to the fact that a common ground has not been found on them. We hope this communiqué would go a long way to sensitize the ummah on a number of current issues and many areas of unnecessary controversy in our polity.

The administrative team wish to inform all our discussant that there will be a special screening on the papers presented at 1st and 2nd Editions of the programme. The best articles would be chosen for the publication of our first Journal. Therefore, any of our discussant who wishes to amend or upgrade his article only has five (5) days from today to do so.

Tentatively, our targeted period for the formal presentation of the journal is after Eid El Adha. May Allah make it easy. Once again, we pray Almighty Allah to reward all of us that contributed to the success of our programmes this year. It is our sincere hope that you will always respond to our calls in subsequent editions.

Abdullahi Abdullateef As-sudaisiy
Organizing Secretary,